New desktop technologies such as Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) are causing many to consider re-architecting their desktop infrastructure. In this session we show the progression of the Thin Client,VDI and Remote Desktop architectures,clarify and uncover some Desktop TCO myths,by reviewing major analyst’s opinions and their progression over time. We then go over successful and not so successful desktop selection methods on which we have participated in real IT environments. Finally we present the Microsoft desktop strategy that focuses on meeting desktop requirements based on roles/personas,rather than implying that one technology fits all. We walk through examples that illustrate when and how to use Presentation,Application,and HW Virtualization offerings,covering Remote Desktop Services,Microsoft Application Virtualization,as well as VDI through Hyper V.