High Performance Computing (HPC) is expected to be the single largest workload on Windows Azure. This session discusses how Windows HPC Server 2008 R2 SP2 enables our customers to easily run their HPC applications on Windows Azure. It covers different usage scenarios (“bursting” to Windows Azure vs. running everything in Windows Azure),differences between running HPC applications on-premise vs. in Azure,best practices,limitations,etc. Real-world customers and their scenarios are highlighted. The key points are illustrated with live demos of HPC applications running in Windows Azure. This session is a must for everyone who wants to know about HPC and Windows Azure.