The reference takes up memory, too. It's value is the 'where in memory is my variable located'.
Think of all variables as 2 things, a location and a value.
Also do you have a example of a method that would perform the instantiate? What would that look like?
Thanks for your help.
Dim joe as Guy = New Guy()
or, to break it up:
Dim joe as Guy
joe = New Guy()