This is nothing to do with money and nothing to do with "resource based".

It suggests a world without trade.

Not too craze, since species up to and including the evolution of humans largely got by without trade.

But a society that does not trade will operate at a much lower level of output and 1. people in that society will not be happy and may introduce trade and 2. the society will be taken over by societies that have trade.

On point 2, actually a small trading nation could probably conquer the non-trading rest of the world in a short space of time as the rest would only be able to make primitive weapons if any.