Chrome doesn't.. There used to be an option in about:flags you could force it to render hidpi. That option has gone since version 35 and now you have to hack it in the registry after disabiling compatibility to make it any form of usable.
IntelliJ doesn't, again you have to set the compatibility flag on the app to ignore hidpi, hack the registry for hidpiaware then manually bump the font sizes to double throughout the internal application settings to make it workable and get rid of the awful fuzziness. And it really is awful. Jetbrains actually acknowledged this and ordered some hidpi windows devices to test this out for future releases, I ran a lot of benchmarking tools for them working to resolve this.
Good luck using RDC, you'll need binoculars to admin your server unless you use RDC Manager and configure that, too.
Used CMD.exe? Wow that's small. Update your defaults to get it rendering better but brace yourself if you use more than once machine with your Windows account and have profile sync. Next time you open it on a non hidpi device that thing is now huuge.
To your average user who's just forked out extra for the retina style display it looks like a step backward, not the leap forward they were no doubt expecting. Plenty of dialogues look whack. Even some of Windows' own.
Since 8.1, things have been getting incrementally better, but we're not there yet. I believe the next version of .NET has some hidpi goodness also. (can't find the link right now)
You can get hidpi to work but it takes a fair bit of understanding and tinkering. Alas this is where I believe the source of complaints to be. People expect it to "just work" i.e. buy a hidpi device and things look hidpi without the hacking of the registry or specifically customising an applications properties to make it look as it would normally. Plenty of people just don't understand how to do this or get confused and give up quickly.
For me although its (somewhat) painful, its worth it. Reading / writing all day it makes a world of difference things looking crisp and sharp. VS & Office look sublime. After some tweaking, most things do. Something you really have to see to fully appreciate just how nice things can look. I actually code on my Ativ then transfer the code over to my main work desktop for integration whenever practical or possible.
The hardest part I'm finding for the moment is Chrome updates that often there's often a scramble for how to get it working again upon each release.
Ultimately it is what it is and things are moving forward. However it clearly is in need of some love to get the default experience people have come to expect. I've seen instances on more than one occasion where people have returned the Yoga2 because it just looks that bad. (They aren't interested in putting the time in to make it work, which, I can totally understand when you've just paid a premium for a premium device and got a sub par experience, right out the box)
Edit: For clarity, this is QHD+ (3200x1800)