Undefined Behavior in 2017 (part 1 of 2)
Undefined behavior is a clear and present danger for all application code written in C++. The most pressing relevance is to security, but really the issue is one of general software correctness. The fundamental problem lies in the refusal of C++ implementations (in general) to trap or otherwise detect undefined behaviors. Since undefined behaviors are silent errors, many developers have historically misunderstood the issues in play. Since the late 1990s undefined behavior has emerged as a major source of exploitable vulnerabilities in C++ code. This talk will focus on trends in the last few years including (1) increased willingness of compilers to exploit undefined behaviors to break programs in hard-to-understand ways and (2) vastly more sophisticated tooling that we have developed to detect and mitigate undefined behaviors. The current situation is still tenuous: only through rigorous testing and hardening and patching can C++ code be exposed to untrusted inputs, even when this code is created by strong development teams. This talk will focus on what developers can and should do to prevent and mitigate undefined behaviors in code they create or maintain.