@Maddus Mattus: If the receiver is literally starting to death, then receipt of money is their immediate concern. If the receiver's children are at risk of death through dysentery then receipt of money is their immediate concern.
Address the immediate concerns with charitable giving and then invest to raise them out of long-term poverty. That is what Bill Gates is doing, and it's what most of the charitable organisations are doing because it is the best course to address the two separate short and long term problems.
50 years of history is telling us that we never reach stage 2. While I see the need for aid, it just baffles me that we can't get past stage one.
Africa has more resources and farmland then any continent in the world, I'm baffled why they do not run the world and while other third world countries are able to get there on their own.