I see that you are linking to GMP in Linux, what math library are you using in Windows? Are you using a port of GMP for Windows? If so, which port? Where did you get it from and how was it compiled?
Since computing Mersenne Primes with the Lucas Lehmer test is pretty FFT/iFFT intensive the quality of whatever math library you are using is key.
Seeing as how Prime95 for windows and GLucas for linux/mac both seem to run about the same speed, (granted they both use highly optimized assembly for the FFTs) I highly doubt that Windows is making things slower. (See
You claim to be comparing apples to apples, but I highly doubt it.